- Last Updated on Friday, 13 May 2016 07:34
The publications below have been published by customers or discuss applications of PHI's core technology, holographic microscopy.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the antibiotic resistant bacteria types that cause hospital-acquired infections. In combination with other imaging techniques, the authors used HoloMonitor M4 to study how these bacteria interact with the immune system.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection is a serious problem in patients hospitalized with cancer, cystic fibrosis and burns. The case fatality rate in these patients is exceedingly high. Research for the discovery of new antibiotics and drugs against P. aeruginosa is therefore very much needed.
C-150 – a Mannich-type curcumin derivative – exhibited pronounced cytotoxic effects against eight glioma cell lines at micromolar concentrations. Inhibition of cell proliferation by C-150 was mediated by affecting multiple targets as confirmed at transcription and protein level. C-150 effectively reduced the transcription activation of NFkB, inhibited PKC-alpha which are constitutively over-expressed in glioblastoma.
Glioblastoma is the most common and most aggressive cancer originating within the brain.
During recent years, vertical nanowire arrays have received increasing attention for their possible use in life sciences, as electrodes, biosensors, as well as for axonal guidance, cell injections and anti-bacterial properties. The rapidly expanding number of nanowire applications calls for a better understanding of the interactions between cells and nanowires.
Using HoloMonitor the researchers investigated the effects of nanowire density on cell movement, division and morphology. The results provide guidelines to minimize cellular stress on nanowire arrays. Additionally, the findings show that cell behavior can be controlled by adjusting nanowire density, which may have applications in drug development.
Current research in cancer therapy is shifting towards the use of combinational drug-treatment regimens. However, the efficient delivery of drug combinations is governed by a number of complex factors in the clinical setting.
The development of a novel folic acid-targeted liposomal formulation, simultaneously co-loaded with C6 ceramide and doxorubicin is reported. FA-(C6+Dox)-LP were able to significantly enhance the induction of apoptotic events in HeLa cell monolayers as compared to the other treatment groups.
Using HoloMonitor M4, it was found that FA-(C6+Dox)-LP treated HeLa cells underwent rapid progression to apoptosis (cell suicide) after 21 hours, as evidenced by a drastic drop in cell area after loss of cell membrane integrity.
Macrophages are an important part of the immune system. They are activated by molecules produced by infecting bacteria. Activation induces macrophages to elevate their membrane content through water specific gates. These aquaporins allow water to enter the cells and make them swell.
This poster by researchers at Linköping University in Sweden shows this increase of aquaporins after activation by bacterial molecules. Using HoloMonitor M4, morphology analysis of activated macrophages visualizes and quantifies the increase of cell volume, following the increased number of aquaporins in the cell membrane.
The effects of alizarin, purpurin and an aqueous extract from transformed hairy root culture of Rubia tinctorum L. were examined on (1) cell proliferation, (2) apoptosis, (3) cell adhesion/morphology and (4) migration (chemotaxis, chemokinesis) of human melanoma cell lines (A2058, HT168-M1) and human fibroblast cells (MRC-5), as well as (5) the aqueous extract was analytically characterized.
All tested substances elicited chemorepellent effect in melanoma cells (malignant skin cancer cells), while in MRC-5 fibroblasts, only the alizarin exhibited such a repellent character. Indices of chemokinesis measured by HoloMonitor M4 (migration, migration directness, motility and motility speed) were significantly enhanced by alizarin and purpurin as well, while morphometric changes were weak in the two melanoma cell lines.
More about David Gisselsson Nord
- David Gisselsson Nord Research Group
- New method for identifying most aggressive childhood cancers
- New method improves detection of malignant child cancer, interview in Swedish press
- Scientists at Lund University question leading theory of how cancer arise, interview in Swedish radio
- Child cancer research awarded by the Fernström foundation (in Swedish)
- David Gisselsson and cancer research at Lund University receive 64 million kronor donation (in Swedish)